Pioneering Percussion Driven Earth Anchors (PDEA®) for over 35 Years

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How The System Works

How a Percussion Driven Earth Anchor Works

There are three steps to the installation of an anchor system:

Driving the Anchor

Driving the Anchor Illustration

Removing the Rods

Removing the Rods Illustration

Loadlocking

Loadlocking Illustration

 

The same three basic steps apply to the installation of all anchor systems, from the smallest S2 to the
largest B10 .

Typical Anchor Behaviour

Typical Anchor Behavior Step 1 - Loadlock

Loadlock – The first stage is where a load is applied to rotate the ground anchor into its loadlocked position. Elements of both load and extension are present.

Typical Anchor Behavior Step 1 - Loadlock graph

Typical Anchor Behavior Step 2 - Compaction & Load

Compaction & Load – The second stage is where the anchor system is generating a frustum of soil immediately in front of the ground anchor. At this point load normally increases with minimum extension. The soil type will affect the overall extension.

Typical Anchor Behavior Step 2 - Compaction & Load graph

Typical Anchor Behavior Step 3 - Maximum Load Range

Maximum Load Range – The third stage is where the ground anchor produces its ultimate load. As the anchor load approaches the bearing capacity of the soil, the rate of increase in load will reduce until bearing capacity failure of the soil takes place.

Typical Anchor Behavior Step 3 - Maximum Load Range graph

Typical Anchor Behavior Step 4 - Bearing Capacity Failure

Bearing Capacity Failure – Caution: If the mechanical shear strength of the soil is exceeded, the residual load will decrease with continued extension as the earth anchor shears through the ground.

Typical Anchor Behavior Step 4 - Bearing Capacity Failure graph

Stress Distribution and Bearing Capacity

The stress distribution in front of a loaded ground anchor can be modelled using foundation theory. The ultimate performance of an anchor within the soil is defined by the load at which the stress concentration immediately in front of the anchor exceeds the bearing capacity of the soil.

Factors that will affect the ultimate performance of the anchor include:-

  • Physical properties of the soil
  • Size of the anchor
  • Depth of installation
  • The load applied

Platipus anchors perform exceptionally well in a granular soil, displaying short loadlock and extension characteristics, a broad frustum of soil immediately in front of the earth anchor and extremely high loads.

Stiff cohesive soils, such as boulder clays, can also give outstanding results. However, weaker cohesive soils, like soft alluvial clays, can result in long loadlock and extension distances and a small frustum of soil in front of the ground anchor. Consequently these conditions require a larger size of anchor and if possible a deeper driven depth to achieve design loads.

Anchor behavior in granular soil using Terzaghi's calculation

Granular Soils (Drained)

Anchor behavior in cohesive soil using Skempton's calculation

Cohesive Soils (Undrained)